State of mind terminology

state of mind 1


Listen to the story of a frightened assault victim. Research the underlined words (see state of mind below) and translate the testimony. Add the underlined words to a term list. Terms may appear on the written or oral court interpreter exam. Then, record your interpretation to practice sight translation (an oral translation of a written text). All three practices increase the possibility that you will pass. Linguee, IATE and serve as jumping-off points for word searches.



Today Abdi Duale faces her aggressor in open court. She filed a Temporary Protection Order (TPO) with the assistance of a domestic violence advocate and the Ohio Domestic Violence Network (link. Omar faces two charges: domestic violence, a misdemeanor of the 4th degree and violation of the protection order, a type of restraining order that requires the defendant to stay away from the alleged victim during the course of the criminal Domestic Violence case. She timidly testifies from the witness stand while her attacker reeks of conceit and arrogance from counsel table.

Somali womanTESTIMONY

PROSECUTOR: s/he who prosecutes another for a crime in the name of the government

JUDGE: a public officer, appointed to preside and to administer the law in a court of justice

WITNESS: person called to court to testify and give evidence

BAILIFF: a person who performs certain actions under legal authority; an official in a court of law who keeps order, looks after prisoners, etc.


BAILIFF: Do you swear that all the testimony you are about to give in the case now before the court will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth under the pains and penalties of perjury?


JUDGE: Please state your name for the record and spell your last name.

WITNESS: My name is Abdi Duale Dihoud, D-U-A-L-E-D-I-H-O-U-D.

PROSECUTOR: Good afternoon, Miss Duale Dihoud. I am going to ask you a series of questions about the event that took place on October 8, 2017. Do you remember that evening?

WITNESS: Yes, that’s the night that Omar attacked me in our home.

PROSECUTOR: Before the event, were you angry with him?

WITNESS: No, I wasn’t angry but I was confused and scared. Omar arrived home from work upset. He startled me by crashing through the living room. He smelled of liquor and slurred his words.

PROSECUTOR: What happened next?

WITNESS: Usually he is glad. That night he frightened me and shouted, “I heard you were with Elmi last week.” He had a dazed look on his face and I thought “He is out of it.” He slumped to the floor and began to weep.

PROSECUTOR: Then what happened?

WITNESS: He managed to stand up, stumbled toward me and grabbed my neck. Paralyzed with fear, I couldn’t breathe.


WITNESS: He let me go. Horrified, I backed away. He continued to say bad things. He threatened to tell our whole community about Elmi. He turned around and stumbled out the door. I haven’t seen him since then.

PROSECUTOR: At any time did he brandish a weapon?

WITNESS: What do you mean, brandish? I don’t understand what that means.

PROSECUTOR: Did he pull out a knife or gun or some other weapon that evening?

WITNESS: No, he just left.


state of mind

Criminal domestic violence information

List of 250 emotions and feelings in Spanish

Feelings and body sensations





Published by The Interpreter Fellow

I am an Ohio State Certified Court Interpreter and Certified Healthcare Interpreter in Spanish. MA Translation from The Institute for Applied Linguistics at Kent State University. Currently I serve Akron Children's Hospital Pediatrics and local courts.

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